Within the East African Region, Uganda was the last country to launch a second generation road fund. In August 2008, Parliament passed the Uganda Road Fund Act, with the object of financing routine and periodic maintenance of all public roads undertaken by designated agencies based on funds generated from road user charges.
The Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA) is designated in the URF Act to maintain national roads while other designated agencies are responsible for District, Urban and Community Access Roads.
By aspiring to ensure a stable, adequate and timely flow of funds to agencies, the URF provides the opportunity for the implementing agencies to plan for efficiency and effective delivery of maintenance on their respective categories of roads. The anticipated gains due to such stable and predictable financing, together with effective monitoring of fund use, will bring improvements to the condition of road; reduce road maintenance costs; encourage a vibrant local construction industry; reduce road maintenance backlog and eventually reduce total transport costs, with the consequent gains to the national economy.